About the Theory

Home » About the Theory
About the Theory 2017-12-23T11:33:11+00:00

About the Theory

We All Are Different

Theory

We are accustomed to the fact that we all have different physical bodies – some are taller, some shorter, there are ones that are thinner and ones that are fatter, our skin colour varies, and so on.

This is easy to see, and we take this into account on a daily basis. But we all have a subtler body – it is our character, psyche. This is already much more difficult to see, we can’t even recognise it well in ourselves, not to mention in others.

Therefore, we make a lot of mistakes by not considering the features of our subtle body and that of other’s. For example, if we have a small physical body, then we wouldn’t attempt to lift a heavy stone, having said that, the same body can have very dexterous hands that excel in handicraft. Similarly, our subtle body has its own strengths and weaknesses, and to use it effectively, these need to be known.

We tend to run into the most problems when communicating with other people. Why? That’s because we do not see the features of their subtle body, figuratively speaking, we often make a small body lift a huge stone. And if the other cannot handle it, we start criticising them, it means we make ofenses.

That is why we need to know both ourselves and the people around us well. The best way for achieving this is by determining a personality type. On this page, everyone can perform a simple test and find out which type their subtle body is.

How Are the Types Formed?

The theory used here is based on the four basic criterion of the human psyche. It is important to understand that these have not been made up by people, but have always existed. The first source that outlined these four characteristics was Vedic literature. Already thousands of years ago, this literature described that our psyche is composed of four main parts; this is called antaḥ-karana (Sanskrit: “the inner cause”, “close to the truth”).

4 main parts of our psyche

  • False-ego (ahankāra) – who we think we are
  • Intelligence (buddhi) – analyses, decides, doubts
  • Mind (manas) – handles the information that we receive from our senses
  • Subconsciousness (chitta) – the repository of our memories and impressions

The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875 – 1961) gained a lot of experience over 60 years by working with a huge number of patients. He took notes and began noticing those same 4 characteristics. He realised that these mental qualities are differently expressed in each individual. Jung divided people into 4 main groups accordingly.

In addition, he divided each group further into two types of people: introverted and extroverted. That way we get 8 psychological functions.

Jung’s theory has been further developed by modern researchers, and thus 16 clearly recognisable personality types have evolved. The 8 aforementioned types are further divided into two on the basis of whether the person has a rational or irrational aspect in its strongest, base function.

A person is rational if his or her base function is affected either by intelligence or mind. And an irrational if there is sensation (false-ego or senses) or intuition (subconsciousness) located there. That way we get 16 types.

Four Opposing Pairs

It is important to understand that the characteristics form 4 pairs, or dichotomies.

4 characteristics pairs – dichotomies

IntrovertedExtroverted
Sensation (false-ego or senses) – Intuition (subconsciousness)
Logic (intelligence) – Ethics (mind)
RationalityIrrationality

Which means that a person cannot, for example, be predominantly introverted and extroverted at the same time. It is also not possible to use one’s senses (receive information from the current surroundings) and simultaneously apply one’s intuition. It also follows that it is not possible to be simultaneously both rational and irrational.

Different Directions in Determining Types

The developers of Jung’s theory split roughly into two.

  • The Western Movement – The best known and gifted representatives of the Western movement are mother and daughter Katharine Cook Briggs (1875–1968) and Isabel Briggs Myers (1897–1980). They have developed the personality inventory known as the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). This is probably familiar to many Americans.
  • The Eastern Movement – For the Eastern movement, the most famous representative is the Lithuanian psychologist and sociologist Aušra Augustinavičiūtė (1927–2005). His accomplishment was the creation of a new science called socionics. What is it about? Augustinavičiūtė writes that for years, she tried to answer the question of what human relationships are based on. She tried to understand why, despite the fact that people want to be good, compassionate and good-natured, still, seemingly out of nowhere, appear irritability and hostility.

She managed to combine Jungian typology to another theory, which is Polish psychiatrist Antoni Kępiński’s (1918–1972) information metabolism (exchange of information). According to this theory, a person’s mental health depends on the quantity and quality of information that it analyses.

How do these two approaches differ?

MBTI theory and its test are designed to make C.G. Jung’s theory understandable and usable in people’s everyday life. It can be successfully applied in one’s work organisation, career choices, learning, relationships, and personal development. However, this test is based mainly on how people see themselves precisely at that specific moment; what are the qualities they have acquired during their lifetime.

Socionics has a different approach, with emphasis on a person’s innate psychological characteristics. These remain unchanged throughout our life – this is what is human nature.

Let’s bring an example.
One dichotomy pair we have is logic – ethics. This means that it is difficult to be very emotional and at the same time to think logically and to weigh all the options. We are born with one predominant aspect – we either have innately strong ethics (emotions, relationships) or logic. However, children’s good logical thinking can be developed by giving them pertinent tasks – for example, by making them play chess.

But this does not mean that logic will become their strong function. It is inherently weak, and only trained to be strong. Then what is the problem? If people use their weak features daily, for example, at work, they exhaust themselves and lose a lot of energy. This can result in stress, burnout and ultimately lead to unhappiness.

Therefore, the test can show that one has strong logic, but in actuality, it can be weak by nature.

What Sets Our Theory Apart?

This is the reason why our approach is different – we try to determine our inherent strengths, not the skills that have been acquired over our lives. This ensures greater accuracy when determining the actual strengths and weaknesses. As a result, we are more successful, because we can get involved with a field that we are strong in by nature without wasting too much energy, and most importantly – it makes us happy.

Our test is based precisely on the principle that it is important to know our innate type, not the mask we have acquired during our lifetime. How do we do it?

Read more about our test!

Liitu meie uudiskirjaga!

Subscribe

Kingituseks väike e-raamat:
“Stressitaluvus vastavalt isiksusetüüpidele”

Raamat


Sign up for our Newsletter


Subscribe

Our latest tutorials, tips and
tools to help you build a better YOU!


7 Shares
Share
Tweet
+1
Pin